Swachh Bharat Mission | स्वच्छ भारत अभियान 2022

You must have heard about the Swachh Bharat Mission, but there are many such facts about this mission that you may not have heard and which you need to know. This is India’s biggest cleanliness program, Indians work hard to achieve their goal and make India clean. In this article, all the details about SBM, the need for SBM, India before and after SBM and many surprising facts about the mission are explained.

Swachh Bharat Mission – स्वच्छ भारत अभियान

The Swachh Bharat Mission is the World’s Largest Behaviour Change Programme launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi.

The nationwide Mission is aimed at the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets, Solid and Liquid waste management (SLWM) and achieving universal sanitation coverage, and putting the focus on sanitation.

The official Hindi name of the mission is ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ but it is also called ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ or Clean India Mission.

“Swaraj ought to begin with our streets and their Swacchata”

Mahatma Gandhi

Need for Swachh Bharat Mission

Why there is a need for Swachh Bharat Mission? So let’s clear this question with the help of some facts. Sanitation is the basic need of human beings but the critical importance of sanitation, cleanliness, and personal hygiene was not seen in India.

The sanitation coverage of India was as low as 39% till 2014 and around 55 million individuals in rural regions lacked access to a toilet. This was severely affecting the health and dignity of people, women, and children in rural areas.

Before the year 2014, the Government had launched some missions like Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, but they failed to achieve their target due to a lack of leadership and political support. Thus Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched by GOI. 

The mission was split into two categories

  1. Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBMG)
  2. Swachh Bharat Mission Urban (SBMU)

The Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBMG)/ SBM-Gramin to be focused on rural areas/villages and it was financed and monitored by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (converted to the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Ministry of Jal Shakti).

Whereas the Swachh Bharat Mission Urban (SBMU)/ SBM-Urban was overseen by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. Both Gramin & Urban SBMs are explained below with important links.

Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBMG)

Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBMG), SBM Gramin Abhiyan at MAHA CSC Mahaonline

As mentioned earlier SBM-Gramin focuses on Gramin Vibhag i.e. village or rural regions. In 2014 PM Modi Sarkar/government launched the Swachh Bharat Gramin Mission (स्वच्छ भारत मिशन ग्रामीण), which is a better and reconstructed version of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan.

Under the mission, all villages, Gram Panchayats, Districts, States and Union Territories in India declared themselves “open-defecation free” (ODF) by 2 October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing over 100 million toilets in rural India.

Phase 2/ODF-Plus phase of SBMG will help to cement the work of Phase 1. According to Phase 2 guidelines, the term ‘ODF-Plus’ is defined as “A village which sustains its ODF status, ensures solid and Liquid Waste management, and is visually clean”.

SBM-G Phase-II guidelines Revision of Criteria for declaration of villages as ODF Plus / SBMCMS.

Development Partners with SBM

Bill & Melinda Gates foundationThey are nonprofit fighting poverty, disease, and inequity around the world
USAIDUnited States Agency for International Development
ABDAsian Development Bank (ADB)
UNICEFUnited Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
WHOWorld Health Organization
(UN)United Nation
GIZDeutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH. (German development agency)
World BankWorld Bank
EBTCEuropean Business and Technology Centre

Swachh Bharat Mission Guidelines

  1. Swachh Bharat Mission Urban / SBMU Guidlines
  2. Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin / SBMG Guidelines
  3. Release of Operational Guidelines for SBM 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Urban (SBMU)

SBM Urban, SBMU, MAHA CSC

Mission Objectives

  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management by Modern and Scientific  methods
  • Manual Scavenging Eradication 
  • Raise awareness about cleanliness/sanitation 
  • To influence people’s attitudes toward proper sanitation practices

Mission Components

  1. Solid waste management
  2. Household toilets
  3. Public toilets and urinals
  4. Community toilets,
  5. Capacity building and Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE)
  6. IEC & Public Awareness

Duration and Coverage of the SBM Urban:

The Mission was Active till 2nd October 2019 and covered all Cities and targeted populations.

Mission Funding

The estimated cost of implementation of the SBM Urban mission was Rs. 62,009 Crore. According to the approved funding pattern, the Government of India Allocated Rs. 14,623 Crore (an additional amount of 25% of GoI funding also approved) and Rs. 4,874 Crore shall be contributed by the States. The remaining funds are proposed to be generated with the help of the Private sector, Swachh Bharat Kosh, External Assistance, and other sources.

Check this PDF Swachh Bharat Urban.

Result and Impact of SBM

Result and Impact of Swachh Bharat Mission, Abhiyan (SBM), MAHA CSC
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Achievements

Under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan/Mission, 100 million toilets were constructed in rural India and the target was achieved by making all villages, Gram Panchayats, Districts, States and Union Territories “open-defecation free” (ODF) by 2 October 2019.

Under SBM, the government had set up Rs. 12,000 per toilet as a financial incentive to encourage toilet development and their use. Also, the government had allocated over Rs 1.3 lakh crore for SBMG. Over 10.28 crore toilets were constructed across 36 states/UTs. During five years, 603,175 villages were declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) and Still counting.

Around 5.4 crore school children participated in the ‘Swachh Sankalp Se Swachh Siddhi’ under Swachhata Pakhwada, Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM Gramin). As a part of the mission, various Initiatives like cleaning and rejuvenating water bodies in rural areas, plastic waste management, animal waste management, etc. are taken, thus this waste management realized the concept of Waste to Wealth.

GOI launched the GOBARDhan Yojana / Scheme with the objective of village cleanliness and generating wealth and energy from cattle & organic waste. we have explained Gobar Dhan Yojna’s detail below.

GOBAR Dhan Yojana

GOBAR Dhan Yojana, GOBAR Dhan Scheme UPSC, SBM gramin at MAHA CSC

The GOBAR Dhan Yojana was launched in the month of April 2018 under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Grameen. The Abhiyan / Mission comes under the Ministry of Jal Shakti (Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation) and other ministries also cooperate with them.

Aims and Objective

  • Biodegradable Waste Management
  • keeping villages clean,
  • increasing the income of rural
    households
  • generation of energy and
    organic manure from cattle waste
  • Support communities, convert their cattle and organic waste to wealth using decentralized systems
  • Converting organic waste, cattle waste to biogas and fertilizer
  • Promote rural entrepreneurship employment 

“भारत में मवेशियों की आबादी पूरे विश्व में सबसे ज़्यादा है। मवेशियों के गोबर, कृषि से निकले कचरे, आदि से बायोगैस बनाने की दिशा में ‘GOBAR-Dhan’ योजना अहम् है। यह सिर्फ एक योजना नहीं, बल्कि गाँवों को स्वच्छ रखने, किसानों एवं पशुपालकों की आमदनी बढ़ाने और बायोगैस के माध्यम से waste to wealth और waste to energy पाने का सशक्त माध्यम है।”

श्री. नरेंद्र मोदी

If you need information about GOBAR Dhan Yojana, GOBAR Dhan UPSC, GOBAR Dhan Yojna under which Ministry, Application form, GKToday, GOBAR Dhan PIB, GOBAR Dhan Pooja, GOBAR Dhan Yojna/ Scheme, etc. please visit their official website from here Gobar Dhan also read Gobar Dhan Yojna in Hindi. Download this PDF.

Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0

Swachh Bharat 2.0, SBM Gramin Abhiyan Phase 2 or SBMG 2
स्वच्छ भारत मिशन योजना 2.0

PM Narendra Modi launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0) on the same day. The main goal of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0’ is to make the cities completely free of garbage. Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 Achievements for sanitation, waste Management, Remediation of Legacy Dumpsites, etc. available at https://sbmurban.org/.

SBM 2.0 Portal provides updates on Jan Andolan events, Swachh Amrit Mahotsav, Swachh Manch 2021, etc. various mission enablers like Swachh Survekshan, Swachh Pakhwada, Pune Star ratings, Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge plays an important role in this mission, read more about them below.

Swachh Survekshan

The Swachh Survekshan was one of the important parts of the Swachh Bharat Mission. It is an annual survey of sanitation, cleanliness, and hygiene in cities and towns across India.

The first Swachh Survekshan survey was done in 2016, In 2021 it covered 4300+ cities across India and it was the largest cleanliness survey in the world.

Swachh Survekshan survey

Swachh Survekshan survey awards 2021/ SS2021 Awards ranking list of Indias Cleanest cities

  1. INDORE – Indias cleanest city
  2. SURAT
  3. VIJAYAWADA
  4. HAPUR
  5. RAJKOT

Swachh Survekshan Ranking list of Indias Cleanest cities for years 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, also Swachh Survekshan logo, App, PIB, toolkit, winner list, guidelines, banner, pdf, GKtoday, UPSC, etc. for Gramin & Urban are available on their official website accessible from here https://ss2021.in/.

Prerak DAUUR Samman

Prerak DAUUR Samman is a new performance category as part of Swachh Survekshan 2021. It has a total of five additional sub-categories. you can check the Prerak DAUUR Samman Platinum award for states, cities, ULB from here. Here is the official website https://ss2021.in.

Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge

Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge-2021 was launched on 19 November 2021 (World Toilet Day) by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). Its aim is to promote mechanized cleaning and prevent hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks.

Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge Awards 2021

Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge Awards for the year 2021

  1. Indore, Madhya Pradesh
  2. Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
  3. Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
  4. Raipur, Chhattisgarh
  5. Surat, Gujrat

To download the complete award list and to check more awards click here.

Star Rating Garbage Free City

To Check Star Rating for Garbage Free City Result click here.

Swachh Bharat Mission Top Participants

  1. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Ministry of Defence
  2. swachh Bhopal
  3. IMC Indore
  4. Swachh Chandigarh
  5. Swachh Chandigarh
  6. Nagar Nigam Jhansi
  7. Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation

To achieve the target of swachh Bharat Abhiyan and to promote awareness about Sanitation, Swachhata, hygiene among citizens, the government launches various applications, portals like swachh Nagar app, Engineer app, swachh Nagar portal, swachhNagar toolkit, GVP citizen App, etc. Now let’s read…

Swachh Nagar

Swachh Nagar App or Engineer app, Swachh Bharat App download at MAHA CSC

Swachh Nagar is a Citizen-Centric Service Delivery through an organized door-to-door collection of Waste. Under this initiative, MoHUA, Govt of India launched the Swachh Nagar app for citizens, Swachh Nagar Portal, Swachh Nagar app for Engineers, Swachh Nagar Toolkit, etc. 

Swachh Nagar app

Swachh Nagar citizen app is a Free mobile application that allows you to waste collection. citizens can install the Citizen app on any mobile device that has an Android Operating system. The application was launched by MoHUA, Govt of India in 2020.

Objectives:

  • Daily Waste Collection Monitoring System
  • Achieving 100% Source level Segregation

Key Points:

  • Identify households not giving segregated waste
  • Collection details on Segregated Waste collection, Mixed Waste collection, Amount of Waste Collected
  • Cash Payment Collection
  • Trip Summary
  • View Route
  • Scan QR Code/RFID

Apart from citizens, the Swachh Nagar app is truly beneficial for Urban Local Bodies (ULB), Waste/garbage collectors & households. We are providing an official link to download the Swachh Nagar app. Download here

Swachh Nagar Engineer App

Swachh Nagar Engineer Application (WCP) is only for waste/garbage collection persons and who will be given login credentials by respective Nagar Nigam.

To use this app waste/garbage collectors can contact their Urban Local Body (ULB). To download Swachh Nagar Engineer App (WCP app) for Waste Collector click here.

Key features:

  • Notifications
  • Waste Collection on Demand
  • Register a Complaint
  • Track Waste Collector / Vehicle
  • Payment Collection

Swachh Nagar Web Portal

Key features:

  • User Management
  • Monitoring
  • Household / Gates Mapping
  • Geofencing
  • Address Sync
  • Assign Route
  • Complaints management

Visit Swachh Nagar Web Portal and Toolkit from here http://www.swachhnagar.org/.

SBM/GTL Toilet Locator

Now one can search/locate Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM toilets on Google Map. Google Toilet Locator (GTL) / GVP App service made available with the help of US AID. To download the Google Toilet Locator app/ SBM toilet app visit this website http://sbmtoilet.org.

Swachh Bharat Mission Urban Applications

Various Mobile applications are developed under MSBMUrban mission To facilitate ULB users, to facilitate users to upload pictures for Online IHHL, Community/Public Toilets, Solid Waste Management and ODF, to verify Individual House Hold Latrine (IHHL) constructed toilet photo, etc. Here are a few apps to download

  1. SWM Treatment Plant App for KARVY
  2. mSBM Urban Dashboard/Mgmt Dashboard App
  3. ULB Dashboard Android App
  4. IHHL Status App for Citizens
  5. SBM (U) Toilet Locator
  6. Online Geo Tagged Photo App
  7. Offline Geo Tagged Photo App
  8. Swachhalaya App
  9. SwachhAI App

All the above-mentioned apps are available to download from the official website. Click here to download Mobile Apps for mSBMUrban. 

Links for Swachh Bharat Gramin Mission (SBM G)

TopicLinks
SBMG Abhiyan, SBM MISsbm.gov.in
Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin/Ruralswachh Bharat
Rajasthan SBM(Gramin) – Panchayati Rajrajpanchayat rajasthan
Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin – West Tripura Districtwesttripura nic in
Assam, Swach Bharat Mission (Gramin)- Sanitationphesanitation Assam
SBMG (Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin)- Biswanath Districtbiswanath gov in
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan/Mission Gramin Toilet list or Sauchalay List 2020,2021 (UP, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra Gram panchayat); apply online, name check, SMMUrban CCjobsClick here
Individual Household Latrine (IHHL) Application apply online CSCClick here
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan/Mission Gramin 12000Click here
Swachh Samiksha/ Swachhata pakhwadaClick here
Swachhata Garpan loginClick here
MSBM Mobile application, Swachh Bharat Mission (G) App for CitizensClick here
Jal Jeevan mission/ Abhiyanjaljeevan mission gov in
MINISTRY OF JALSHAKTI / DEPARTMENT OF DRINKING WATER & SANITATIONjalshakti ddws gov in

Links for Swachh Bharat Urban Mission (SBM U)

Swachh Bharat Urbanswachhbharat urban
Individual Household Latrine (IHHL) Application list, status, apply onlineswachhbharat urban
Swachh Bharat Mission/Abhiyan, Swachh Bharat Mission-Urbansbmurban org
Swachh Bharat Mission – Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA)mohua Gov in
What is Swachh Bharat Mission?

The SBM is the world’s largest cleanliness program. The nationwide Mission is aimed at the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets, Solid and Liquid waste management (SLWM) and achieving universal sanitation coverage.

Who launched SBM and when?

The Swachh Bharat Mission is the World’s Largest Behaviour Change Programme launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi.